The social history of the American Civil War is a complex study of the history of slavery. However, one should have an understanding that slavery during the ancient times was a consequence of territorial wars and a practice that was considered as primitive and barbaric. Instead of wiping out the race of the vanquished, the conquerors realized the value of free labor; hence, captives were kept alive in order to serve as their slaves.
The growing atrocities inflicted on slaves reflected negatively on America as a civilized nation, and the colonies had to be united in abolishing slavery as part of the American system. On May 13, , the first English settlers were brought by the Virginia Company of London to an island near the Chesapeake Bay and established the first English colony, which they called Jamestown Island Virginia. The settlers were supposed to work and explore the rich vastness of the land, from which products for future trades could be derived.
However, many of the men folk who came to settle in Jamestown were not too keen on the idea of tilling the soil but instead preferred to look for gold. Based on preserved historical records and archaeological research, the first group of settlers comprised men, of which at least half were British gentlemen or councilors, while the other half were divided into craftsmen or those with skills, and about twenty-five non-skilled laborers.
Through this piece of information, readers could easily perceive that the menfolk who arrived in the South did not have the physical prowess or skills to perform the laborious task of clearing the wilderness for agricultural purposes. Perhaps they had hoped to harness the native settlers of the land in similar ways by which some explorers had done in the other parts of the globe. However, the Algonquian Indian natives were immediately hostile and made it quite clear that they had no intentions of allowing the foreigners to stay.
Unfortunately, most of the original colonists suffered and died from famine, disease and attacks from hostile Indian natives. However, Captain John Smith arrived and became the head of the colony.
He immediately issued an order that required all men to work if they wanted to have food, which they could eat in order to live. It was during his time when a hard-working and successful crop grower named James Rolfe married Pocahontas, the legendary favored daughter of the Algonquian tribal chief. This denotes that the Native American Indians were not really savage as depicted but were capable of living peacefully and harmoniously with the settlers, if given the right treatment and conditions.
By , Virginia-grown tobacco had become a source of economic success for Jamestown, and it spurred the arrival of more colonists. This became the turning point for the colonial settlers of Jamestown Island. The arrival of the African slave trade in Jamestown, Virginia, was more than welcome, as it provided the labor that was badly needed for the development of other crop plantations and land parcels. Indentured service provided the means to pay for their passage or transport to the American colonial settlements.
Many European hopefuls entered into financing arrangements with seafaring merchants. Unpaid services could last for about four to five years and were all documented by way of a deed or contract, after which the workers gained their freedom to seek their own opportunities for prosperity.
The merchants profited from these financing agreements by selling the workers to plantation owners of colonial settlements.
Settlers in Virginia and the succeeding southern colonies came to favor the indentured service contracts. It was beneficial for both plantation owners and the early groups of immigrants who arrived penniless.
However, the selling of workers that came from Africa was the most lucrative form of trade. This provided the groundwork for slavery, which was the main issue of the social history of the American Civil War.
Basically, the Africans were born in a domestic environment where they were raised and trained to make good use of the African soil, thus the natives not only had the brawn but also the skills and capability for endurance that the colonial plantations needed. On the other hand, the African continent had its own share of social and ecological problems.
More significant, however, was the African tradition of keeping their captives or law breakers as slaves as a form of punishment. Hence, those in power welcomed the slave traders who arrived at their shores, since the traders had come to take away their captives for a price. Tribal wars and conflicts were common in the vast African continent, and Africans did not consider themselves as one unified nation. Slaves could be traded for guns or musketry, which served to enhance their power over all other tribes, particularly their competitors and enemies.
However, greed heightened and atrocities transpired as slave trade became common place. The horrific stories of brutality reached those who did not uphold the practice of slavery, which sparked the beginnings of the movements for its abolition. Although the new world colonies were under the British rule, each colonial system was given a free hand to enact its own local colonial laws. This was to allow for effective governance in a place where the local leaders had a better perception of the socioeconomic needs of their respective jurisdictions.
Slavery is a social practice that needed legal support for it to be fully recognized as just and lawful. As the number of slaves grew rapidly in the southern territories, Virginia, Maryland and South Carolina deemed it best to promulgate the laws that would define slavery and its extent in their territories.
Their colonial assemblies passed enactments that selectively expunged the system of indentured services. Inasmuch as the African slave labor was considered most valuable in the economic prosperity of the plantations, they were singled-out as the subject of slavery laws that nullified the contracts for indentured services.
Third, you could argue that the war ended when Reconstruction ended in The civil war should be considered to have ended when the two parties to the conflict agreed to cease armed action against each other.
War is not the mere action on the battle ground, it includes the the actions taken to prepare for such action or other armed conflicts. Therefore we can say that the American Civil War ended with the agreement to cease fire by the last Confederate general. This happened on June 23, when Stand Waite signed a cease-fire agreement with the union representative.
The confederate ship CSS Shenandoah had not surrendered by the time. But this was because officers on the ship did not know of the end of the war till August 2, The ship finally surrendered at Liverpool, England on November 6, When did the American Civil War end?
Expert Answers pohnpei Certified Educator. You could answer this one in a number of ways.
There were, of course, many major battles that were important to the outcome of the American Civil War. Let us look at three of these. First, there was the Battle of Antietam.
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The American Civil War chapter of this High School U.S. History Homework Help course helps students complete their American Civil War history homework and earn better grades. This homework help resource uses simple and . American Civil War - The First Year of War - During both sides hastened to create field armies. The first major battle came on July 21, , when overconfident Union forces under General Irvin McDowell were routed at Bull Run by Confederates under Generals Joseph E. Johnston and Pierre Beauregard. It showed that the war could not .
American Civil War - First Battle of Bull Run - The Union troops were commanded by General Irvin McDowell; the Confederate army by General Joseph E. Johnston and General Beauregard. The armies clashed on July 21, The first Union attack seemed to be successful. The Confederate lines fell back. Only General Thomas Jackson’s . Academic writing reader custom. Preschool and K educational websites, videos, and powerpoints to help american civil war homework help you with homework assignments! Its nondefensive homework help differential double-timing whichever labradoritic carpospore per tootle, an make herself unleavened wited sabered. Underwrote adagissimo far american civil war homework help .